The National Telecommunications and Information Administration released details Tuesday on its proposal to reallocate 95 megahertz of federal spectrum for commercial use, NextGov reports.
The NTIA said the reallocation would cost $18 billion and take at least 10 years to finish.
More than than 3,100 individual frequency assignments of 20 federal agencies need to be moved.
The process changing frequency assignments would be funded by the Federal Communications Commission’s spectrum auctions to the private sector, NextGov reported.
The FCC recently said it wanted spectrum interoperable devices.
Two Army battlefield networks, the backpack version of the Joint Tactical Radio System and the Warfighter Information Network-Tactical, would be shifted under the NTIA’s plan.
The backpack radio, for example, operates on frequencies that will become commercial bands.
The systems will require significant engineering modifications, while the WIN-T would need to be returned and shifted to the 2 gigahertz band, the report said.
The Defense Department reported it would have to spend $2.35 billion to move satellite control operations out of the 1755-1850 megahertz band.
The Air Force operates satellite control links in that band but would not move its satellites to a different frequency until 2045 as a result of the systems’ orbit lifespan, according to NextGov.
The NTIA added that it would cost $1.4 billion to move the Pentagon’s small unmanned aerial systems to the different frequencies.
Moving the Homeland Security, Treasury and Justice departments video surveillance systems from the band would cost $4.9 billion, according to NextGov.
DHS also uses the spectrum for border control communication and surveillance technologies.