The major avenues for cyber crime are hacking and identity theft that defrauds the Australian government, companies and private citizens of millions annually. The United States and Australia are working closely together to combat the cyber threat and each government is increasing its efforts to curtail the growing rates of cyber crime and cyber espionage.
Both the United States and Australia are currently pushing to build out their respective cyber workforces. The Australian Department of Defence has also opened a new cybersecurity center in Canberra and the U.S. Congress recently confirmed Lt. Gen. Keith Alexander as the head of U.S. Cyber Command, which will be responsible for all Department of Defense networks.
The Australian government has announced plans to censor certain types of content on the Internet, which hackers responded to with vigor, by hacking government websites.